Skip to main content

MAHARAJA RANJITH SINGH (SHER-E-PUNJAB)

MAHARAJA RANJITH SINGH (SHER-E-PUNJAB)

Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the founder of the Sikh Empire
          Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the founder of the Sikh Empire, which came to power in the northwest of the Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century. He fought his first battle alongside his father at the age of 10. After the death of his father, he fought several wars to expel the Afghans in his teenage years. At age of 21, he was proclaimed as the "Maharaja of Punjab".



Earlier life:


He was born to sardar Mahan singh sukerchakia and Raj Kaur, in Gujranwala city, Punjab, which is now located in Pakisthan.He was born to sardar Mahan singh sukerchakia and Raj Kaur, in Gujranwala city, Punjab, which is now located in Pakisthan. Maharaja Ranjith singh was born on november 13,1780. He was born to sardar Mahan singh sukerchakia and Raj Kaur, in Gujranwala city, Punjab, which is now located in Pakisthan. The picture is the door to the room where Ranjith Singh was born. He survived small pox in infancy but lost his left eye sight and his face remained pockmarked
                 Ranjith Singh learnt riding, shooting and he started drinking in early years of life.In those days,among sardars drinking was considered as a pride issue,that is the more the one drinks,the more the respect he commanded among sardars. Drinking was considered as a matter of pride. Ranjith singh grew up without any formal education. He remained as an illiterate. He had more traits to become a soldier and a great warrior. He was fond of swimming and excursions.




Ranjith singh had his first taste of battle when he was only ten years old. His fame grew in 1797,at a young age of 17,when the Afghan muslim ruler Shah Zaman, of the Ahmad Shah Abdali dynasty, attempted to annex Punjab region into his control through his general Shahanchi khan and 12,000 soldiers.

A Great Conqueror:

          Ranjith singh had his first taste of battle when he was only ten years old. His fame grew in 1797,at a young age of 17,when the Afghan muslim ruler Shah Zaman, of the Ahmad Shah Abdali dynasty, attempted to annex Punjab region into his control through his general Shahanchi khan and 12,000 soldiers.The battle was fought in territory controlled by Ranjith singh. Ranjith singh killed the Afghan general and rout his army. This victory gained him recognition.
 The Sufi Muslims and Hindu population of Lahore welcomed the rule of Ranjith singh. The ruler of Jammu region given away control of his region to Ranjith singh in 1800.
         In 1799,Raja Ranjith singhs army of 25,000 khalsa, supported by another 25,000 khalsa led by his mother-in-law Rani sada kaur of Khanhaiya misl, attacked the region controlled by Bhangi sikhs centered around Lahore. The rulers of Lahore escaped from this attack and this made Lahore as the first major conquest of Ranjith singh. The Sufi Muslims and Hindu population of Lahore welcomed the rule of Ranjith singh. The ruler of Jammu region given away control of his region to Ranjith singh in 1800.



A Secular King:

         Maharaja Ranjith singh was well known as a secular king. He treated all religions equally.His court reflected a secular pattern,his prime minister Dhian singh was a dogra, his foreign minister Fakir Azizuddin was a Muslim, his finance minister Dina Nath was a Brahmin, artillery commanders such as Mian Ghausa, Sarrfaraz Khan were Muslims. There were no forced religious conversions in his time.
He treated all religions equally. The soldiers and troop officers included Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims and also Europeans. His army included Polish, Russian, Spanish, Prussian and French officers.
         He treated all religions equally. The soldiers and troop officers included Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims and also Europeans. His army included Polish, Russian, Spanish, Prussian and French officers.
         His army was not limited to Sikh community. The soldiers and troop officers included Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims and also Europeans. His army included Polish, Russian, Spanish, Prussian and French officers.


Death:

         Maharaja Ranjith singh died on 27 June,1839 in Lahore(present day pakisthan). He died of paralysis on  the fifth day of his illness.That was the end of a great ruler who practised Secularism and treated all religions equally.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

The Cholas

The CholasThe founder of the Chola Empire was Vijayalaya, who was first feudatory of the Pallavas of Kanchi. He captured Tanjore in 850 A.D. He established a temple of goddess Nishumbhasudini (Durga) there. Aditya I succeeded Vijayalaya. Aditya helped his overlord the Pallava king Aparajita against the Pandyas but soon defeated him and annexed the whole of the Pallava kingdom.

By the end of the ninth century, the Cholas had defeated the Pallavas completely and weakened the Pandyas capturing the Tamil country (Tondamandala) and including it under their domination He then became a sovereign ruler. The Rashtrakuta king, Krishna II gave his daughter in marriage to Aditya.
He erected many Shiva temples. He was succeeded in 907 A.D. by Parantaka I, the first important ruler of the Cholas. Parantaka I was an ambitious ruler and engaged himself in wars of conquest from the beginning of his reign. He conquered Madurai from the Pandya ruler Rajasimha II. He assumed the title of Maduraikonda (capt…

Battle of Talikota (Rakkasa-Tangadi) - Destruction of Hampi (1565)

The Battle of Talikota was fought by the Vijayanagara force lead by Aliya Rama Raya against the invading forces of the united Sultanates to the north of Vijayanagara (i.e. consisting of Bijapur, Ahmadnagar, Golkonda, Berar and Bidar Husain Nizam Shah, Ali Adil Shah and Ibrahim Qutb Shah). The battle took place on 23 January 1565 at Talikota (In Present Karnataka State). Some scholars say the armies fought near Rakkasagi and Tangadigi villages. Hence the battle is also referred as the Battle of Rakkasa-Tangadi. Some other scholars believe that battle was fought at Krishna-Bannihatti. Hence it is also known as the battle of Bannihatti.


Background: After the death of Achyuta Deva Raya in 1542, Venkata Raya asseended the throne. Later Venkata Raya was killed in 6 months and Sadashiva Raya (minor nephew of Achyuta Raya) ascended the Vijayanagara Throne. Rama Raya appointed himself regent and controlled Sadashiva Raya. Rama Raya acted as actual ruler confining Sadashiva Raya. He replaced the l…

Battle of Tughlaqabad (Battle of Delhi - 1556)

The Battle of Delhi also known as the Battle of Tughlaqabadwas fought between the forces led by Hemu (the general and chief minister of Adil Shah Suri) and the forces of the Mughal led by Tardi Beg Khan. The battle was fought on 7 October 1556 at Tughlaqabad near Delhi.
BackgroundAfter the death of Babur(founder of Mughal empire),Humayun succeeded the throne of Delhi. However after theBattle of Kanauj  (17 May 1540) Sher Khan(Sher shah Suri) became the master of Agra and Delhi. Mughal Empire was put to an end for a while and Humayun lived in exile for next 15 years because of this Short Sur Dynasty founded by Sher Shah Suri.


Later Islam Shah Suri ascended the throne of Sur dynasty after the death of Sher Shah in 1545 at Kalinjar. Islam Shah Suri was a capable ruler, but died in 1554.  With these two deaths the Sur Empire was caught up in a succession battle. Humayun used this perfect opportunity for the Mughals to march back to India and regain the lost power in 1540. Humayun with Baira…