Rajaram Raje Bhosale was the younger son of Maratha king Shivaji. He was the king who had to face a bad time in facing the dominant Mughal rule which has become very stronger in the leadership of Aurangazeb. He became king at an early age of 19 due to the death of his brother Sambhaji Maharaj, by Aurangazeb.
Rajaram Chhatrapati was born on february 24,1670, at Rajgad fort. He was born to second wife of Shivaji Maharaj. His mother's name was Soyrabai. Rajaram lacked the qualities of his father. He possessed neither the initiative nor the dash of Shivaji Maharaj.His father Shivaji Maharaj died when he was only 10 years old. After his father's death he was arrested and put in jail by his brother Sambhaji to capture the throne. Due to this, Rajaram failed to get education as he was put in jail which was necessary for his status.
Escapades of Rajaram Chhatrapati:
Aurangazeb, the Mughal emperor decided to put an end to Maratha empire after Adilshahis and the Qutubshahis. With this intention, he cruelly killed Sambhaji Maharaj, after a whole week of torturing the then existing Maratha king Sambhaji Maharaj. During this grave time Rani Yesubai, the wife of Sambhaji Maharaj, decided to crown Rajaram Chhatrapati. Although Rajaram was not as genius or daring as his father Shivaji Maharaj, he was gifted with brilliant advisers and helpers. Santaji Ghorpade, Dhanaji Jadav, Prahlad Niraji and Ramchandra Nilkant were the Influential personalities who were the actual strength of Rajaram Chhatrapati.
Aurangazeb wanted to kill Rajaram too and annex Maratha kingdom into his rule. Yesubai suggested that Rajaram should fight his way out to different strongholds, in which the Jinji fort was the certain one, which was now located in Villupuram district of Tamilnadu, India. The Maratha Army fought with the Mughals ensuring safe escape of Rajaram to Jinji fort.Aurangazeb wanted to attack and kill Rajaram on the way of his escape to Jinji fort.
Aurangazeb deputed Ghazi - Ud - Din Firoze Jung against Marathas in the Deccan. And he specially sent Zulfiqar khan Nusrat Jung to capture and sieze Jinji fort by killing Rajaram. Zulfiqar starting from 1690 tried close to eight years to breach Jinji fort. Atlast he siezed Jinji fort on january 8, 1698. By that time Rajaram Chhatrapati escaped and fled to Vellore and further to Vishalgarh to fight Mughals.
Rajaram Chhatrapati died of a lung disease on March 2nd, 1700 at Sinhagad near Pune in Maharashtra. One of Rajaram's widow, Tarabai proclaimed her young son, Shivaji II,as Chhatrapati.